Therefore, I say again that, just as we hope that some good will come out of the Cuban Crisis, because we must pray that the idea of United Nations supervision and verification will be more widely accepted, I hope that India, in the unhappy phase through which she is passing, will realise that this is now a great opportunity for her to adopt a rather different attitude towards her neighbours in Asia.
Surely we can all agree that the Cuban Crisis has strikingly illustrated the need to maintain those two principles.
Of all the transparently specious arguments used over the Cuban Crisis, the prize must go to those who try to equate the N.A.T.O.
My principal reason for speaking this evening has nothing to do with theCuban Crisis but with what is going on in India.
It has been generally accepted in the debate that there is one respect in which progress towards agreement between East and West is both urgent and possible, certainly more urgent and perhaps more possible than before the Cuban Crisis.
Was there any meeting of the Council during the whole of the Cuban Crisis?
Mr. Mason asked the Secretary of State for Air if he will take steps to suspend all flights of U2s from British bases during the Cuban Crisis.
So when we come to apportion blame about what has happened in the Cuban Crisis all that we can do, I think, at the moment, is to say that great blame attaches to both sides, that Khrushchev flouted the spirit of the Charter and made what was a dangerous move in the power game and that President Kennedy has certainly flouted the Charter and acted unilaterally in defiance of the United Nations and without consulting his allies.
When we consider what has happened in the last few weeks, with the Cuban Crisis, and so on, the strength of sterling is really very outstanding.
I thought it was a good time, when the reserve currencies are strong, and the international market is remarkably stable -as the Cuban Crisis shows -to turn attention to this problem.
How can the House and the country have any confidence in these arrangements when it is obvious that they broke down completely during the Recent Cuban Crisis?
In the new and better atmosphere which we hope will follow the Cuban Crisis, surely this is the time for the Government to take an intiative towards liberating at least Central Europe from the danger of these weapons?
Mr. Frank Allaun asked the Prime Minister, in view of the danger of Britain becoming involved in a nuclear war, as was revealed at the time of the Cuban Crisis, if he will now request President Kennedy to remove the Polaris base from Britain.
asked the Prime Minister, in view of the danger of Britain becoming involved in a nuclear war, as was revealed at the time of the Cuban Crisis, if he will now request President Kennedy to remove the Polaris base from Britain.
Mr. Warbey asked the Prime Minister what consultations he had with President Kennedy concerning the removal of the Proteus supply ship from British waters during the height of the Cuban Crisis.
asked the Prime Minister what consultations he had with President Kennedy concerning the removal of the Proteus supply ship from British waters during the height of the Cuban Crisis.
On the Monday of the Cuban Crisis - I would remind the House - or on the Monday when President Kennedy made his speech and the world wondered what was going to happen and many people wondered what part our own country could play in avoiding extreme measures which it was considered might have to be taken, the Supreme Allied Commander came to this country.
The American Secretary of Defence was returning to Washington just before the Cuban Crisis when he said that he had been investigating, reviewing, or at any rate seeing tactical nuclear weapons which the Americans had 15 miles from the frontier.
And again, as to saying, "Well, when the time comes we can get more ready," was anything done, for instance, even to recall from leave during the Cuban Crisis?
Does the Prime Minister recall that in his letter to Mr. Khrushchev during the Cuban Crisis he raid that the withdrawal of the offensive weapons would open the way to agreement on the first stage of disarmament and a nuclear tests ban?
Mrs. Hart asked the Prime Minister if the public speech of the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs to the Oxford University Conservative Association on 21st November about Her Majesty's Government's refusal to mediate in the Cuban Crisis represented the policy of Her Majesty's Government.
It tells how at the height of the Cuban Crisis an official in a London civil defence districtdecided there was no need to spoil the weekend of the men and women in his corpsby calling on civil defence personnel to stand by.
The Prime Minister: I think that it is the general view of the House and the country that the President has acted in the Cuban Crisis both with great skill and courage and prudence and good sense.
I think that it is the general view of the House and the country that the President has acted in the Cuban Crisis both with great skill and courage and prudence and good sense.
Further, we know that during the Cuban Crisis not only the submarines, but also the "Proteus", sailed from the Holy Loch, and it is standing argument on its head to say that that makes it a more dangerous and not a less dangerous objective.
Could the Leader of the House tell us when he proposes to arrange for a debate on the Motion standing in the names of several right hon. and hon. Members on this side of the House, calling for a Select Committee to inquire into the conduct of the Government during the Cuban Crisis?
He said: "What is perhaps not sufficiently realised in Britain is that the thermo-nuclear age is bringing about a change in the relations between the United States Government and the American people as it is between Washington and the allies … Britain and Europe have to reckon with not some lightly formed American impulse prompted by national ambition but rather with the deepest purposes of a President at the very peak of his authority, convinced that he has at last found his historic mission as the leader of the West as a whole… As with so much else in Washington these days, the full measure of Mr. Kennedy's concept of thermo-nuclear leadership found its practical expression in the Recent Cuban Crisis.
That is precisely what happened in the Cuban Crisis.
He said:What is perhaps not sufficiently realised in Britain is that the thermo-nuclear age is bringing about a change in the relations between the United States Government and the American people as it is between Washington and the allies …Britain and Europe have to reckon with not some lightly formed American impulse prompted by national ambition but rather with the deepest purposes of a President at the very peak of his authority, convinced that he has at last found his historic mission as the leader of the West as a whole…As with so much else in Washington these days, the full measure of Mr. Kennedy's concept of thermo-nuclear leadership found its practical expression in the Recent Cuban Crisis.
man aware that The Times has revealed that during the Cuban Crisis President Kennedy asked Mr. Diefenbaker to accept American nuclear bases in Canada?
Does not the right hon. Gentleman recall that, in his letter to Mr. Khrushchev at the time of the Cuban Crisis, the Prime Minister said that the crisis opened the way to new initiatives on disarmament, with special reference to stage one of the disarmament plan?
President de Gaulle had no reason for thinking that Dean Acheson's speech was not the view of the American Government, because a few weeks before the speech Dean Acheson had been sent to France during the Cuban Crisis as the spokesman of the American Government.
Mr. Warbey asked the Prime Minister why, during the Cuban Crisis period last October, he ordered the 60 Thor missiles in East Anglia to be held at instant readiness for firing, and the V-bomber force to be held at instant readiness for despatch to targets in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
asked the Prime Minister why, during the Cuban Crisis period last October, he ordered the 60 Thor missiles in East Anglia to be held at instant readiness for firing, and the V-bomber force to be held at instant readiness for despatch to targets in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
Is the Prime Minister calling Mr. Pugh a liar and saying that his detailed allegations are false or does the Prime Minister's Answer about precautionary measures contain a formula for concealing the fact that the Government were preparing a national suicide threat at the time of the Cuban Crisis?
As it is now plain that in the Recent Cuban Crisis preliminary steps were taken in the military field for instant action but no precautions were taken in the field of Civil Defence, will the right hon. Gentleman find time for a discussion on Civil Defence, which has not been debated for a long time?
During the Cuban Crisis, if general war had broken out, one of the reasons why this country would have been exterminated would have been because of the presence of these Thor missiles, which were of no use to us anyway.
Mr. Zilliacus asked the Prime Minister what were the special measures he instructed the competent Ministers to take, for putting the Government's civil defence policy in a state of readiness, at the height of the Cuban Crisis last October.
asked the Prime Minister what were the special measures he instructed the competent Ministers to take, for putting the Government's civil defence policy in a state of readiness, at the height of the Cuban Crisis last October.
For instance, in the Cuban Crisis no measures were taken, although V-bombers and rockets were alerted in this country.
Miss Keeler made a statement on 26th January when being seen by the police in relation to her appearance as a witness in the High Court that on one occasion, when she was going to meet Mr. Profumo, Mr. Ward asked her to discover from him the date on which certain atomic secrets were to be handed to West Germany by the Americans - this was at the time of the Cuban Crisis - and that she did not put this question to Mr. Profumo.
It has been said - there are conflicting stories about this - that Miss Keeler was asked to get information from the late Secretary of State for War in December, 1962, at the time of the Cuban Crisis.
, came into the open over the Cuban Crisis with the assertion by President Kennedy of the right to condemn his allies to a nuclear war without con- sulting them.
Why did it win us no influence during the Cuban Crisis, which is the one that really mattered?
I agree with him that the Cuban Crisis was the turning point, but I see it like this: at this crisis both Mr. Kennedy and Mr. Khrushchev looked over the abyss into the real possibility of nuclear war, and both of them, with great political courage, with their various different internal problems which they had to face, drew back.
We cannot be sure of Soviet motives in deciding to conclude the Treaty but, as the right hon. Gentleman for Smethwick said, it seems that during the Cuban Crisis they were brought face to face with the full dangers of trying by sudden means to alter the strategic situation between East and West.
That was at the time of the Cuban Crisis.
The uninitiated might have expected that the Cuban Crisis would have been a suitable opportunity for this to be revealed.
That at the time of the Cuban Crisis he tried to persuade the British Government to mediate.
The House will have noted that, though the Cuban Crisis is only a short distance in time away, the United States is today selling wheat to Russia.
What happened during the Cuban Crisis?
At the time of the Cuban Crisis theEconomist talked about the £20 million in these terms:This is a tiny premium to pay if the force is efficiently organised and if it could really do any good were catastrophe to come to this small, crowded, and (in nuclear terms) indefensible island.
As we approached the Cuban Crisis, my wife and I consulted the book about tinned foods and so on.
The broad maritime picture is that from World War II until the Cuban Crisis in 1962 the Soviet navy was mainly orientated towards the defence of its homeland.
The last occasion when they played such a rôle was during the Cuban Crisis.
Many commentators put down that sort of activity to the Cuban Crisis and there is no doubt that the Soviet Union learned a lesson on that occasion.
We have had a long period not of peace but a period during which the likelihood of the outbreak of an atomic war has steadily receded, although there have been times such as the Cuban Crisis when it was perilously near.
After the Cuban Crisis we were sometimes taunted by those who said "Although you are a nuclear Power, you did not have much influence in this crisis".
Since the Cuban Crisis of 1961 there has been a massive build-up of Soviet vessels with the mighty Admiral Gorshkov, Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Fleet, making sure that never again will the Russians have to undergo the humiliation of turning ships back from whence they came at the behest of the American Government.
If we examine the history of the rise of the Soviet Navy we find that it began in 1962 during the Cuban Crisis when the Soviet Union was exposed to the utmost humiliation because it had no naval power at all worth talking about.
We cannot evade the cold, hard fact that since the Cuban Crisis we have seen a dramatic expansion in the quantity and quality of Soviet ships.
It is gratifying that the President of the United States now sees that smoke, because in his speech yesterday he was following the tradition of John F. Kennedy at the time of the Cuban Crisis and was employing similar language.
I was in a sensitive defence post at that time, and I must tell the House that it never crossed my mind that there could be war over the Cuban Crisis.
As the international situation appears to be more threatening than at any time since the Cuban Crisis of 1962, are the Government planning to have a debate on international affairs in their own time?
Again in my youth I took part in a demonstration about the Cuban Crisis.
If a nuclear war were to break out, that would be likely to happen at a time of grave international tension, similar to what happened in the Cuban Crisis a few years ago, when one side, out of fear, error, and uncertain information, panics and is tempted to go for a first strike.
I recall when I was at school that an air-raid siren was placed on top of the building at the time of the Cuban Crisis.
I believe that I am now living in possibly the most dangerous time that I can ever recall in my lifetime, and I was at school during the Cuban Crisis.
There is no likelihood that tanks will roll across the north German plains, nor, I desperately hope, will we ever again face anything like the Cuban Crisis.