It will haunt the Western Powers throughout this winter - it is already with us now - with a major Crisis of Morale in West Berlin in the first instance and in Western Germany in the second instance, and it is going to spread.
Next, if one goes beyond West Berlin to Western Germany, one sees the Crisis of Morale, which is beginning to appear there, partly because of uncertainty about American intentions - as well as British intentions - towards Germany.
The argument may be used that we do not want unnecessarily to cause a Crisis of Morale among those working in the dockyards, but there are already signs that all is not well.
For far too long there has been division and a Crisis of Morale in the European Socialist movements.
To deal with a situation which could surely develop into a Crisis of Morale, the Government need to announce quickly, first, the commencement of construction of the Livingston Road and Calder section of the M.72; secondly, the inclusion of Livingston New Town in the special incentive development area.
I therefore suggest to the hon. Gentleman that he should not use terms like "a Crisis of Morale".
Following mass closures and the activities of the "Knock the coal industry" brigade, there was a Crisis of Morale in the industry.
It has produced a Crisis of Morale, for which, in my opinion, lack of overall drive and leadership is mainly responsible.
Does not the alarming rate of emigration reflect the Crisis of Morale within the medical profession?
There is no dispute that there is a Crisis of Morale in the National Health Service, not just among doctors but among many others who are responsible for providing the services upon which patients depend.
This is alllinked with the Crisis in Morale, to which my right hon. Friend the Member for Wanstead and Woodford (Mr. Jenkin) referred a short while ago.
There is today a real Crisis of Morale in our Armed Forces, a growing sense of disillusionment that their political heads are no longer prepared to fight the political battles which should be fought in the Cabinet.
Indeed, I believe that the Crisis of Morale is already upon us, especially among what one might describe as the cream at all levels.
There is something of a Crisis of Morale among university teachers which is caused by the pay situation, but the general financial situation of universities is not one of crisis.
In the Secretary of State aware of the unprecedented Crisis of Morale in all three Armed Forces at present, particularly the crisis in recruitment on which his hon. Friend touched a moment ago, which will mean that the Royal Air Force strength will fall substantially below recruiting levels?
I was about to ask whether this indicates that the assertion by the hon. Member for Stretford (Mr. Churchill) about a Crisis in Morale in the Armed Services is ill-founded.
There is a real Crisis of Morale in the Armed Forces.
Everybody is aware that there has been a Crisis of Morale in the Services.
But, as several of my hon. Friends have pointed out, the Crisis of Morale in the forces derives by no means exclusively from dissatisfaction over pay.
Will my right hon. Friend accept, notwithstanding the increase in numbers and the difficulties and constraints of the pay guidelines, that there could be a tremendous Crisis of Morale in the police force, which could be dangerous to a democratic society?
By the time of our debate last year, the fact of the exodus was plain and I told the right hon. Gentleman that there was "an unprecedented Crisis of Morale".
I think he will find out in December, January and February of next year when youngsters are suffering very greatly and when he sees a Crisis of Morale in the careers service and the MSC.
They would also want me to say that there is a Crisis of Morale in the shipbuilding industry, certainly on Clydeside, that is now reaching worrying proportions.
At present there is something of a Crisis of Morale among the front-line troops - nurses and the doctors - about the effect on them of the bureacracy.
From the hon. Gentleman's experience in schools - an experience which I have shared - will he say what the Crisis of Morale is doing to youngsters who, when they go to jobcentres, find that there is no work for them?
We are facing a Crisis of Morale.
If the House wishes to will the achievement of good broadcasting and sees the consequences in social and economic terms and the Crisis of Morale that now affect the BBC, we should be prepared also to will the means.
What is more at issue is the Crisis of Morale in the whole education service as a result of the cuts.
One of the major problems in recent years has been a Crisis of Morale.
Their election address stated:In our National Health Service standards are falling; there is a Crisis of Morale; too often patients' needs do not come first".
there is a Crisis of Morale; too often patients' needs do not come first.
In 1979 the Conservative Party manifesto stated:In our National Health Service standards are falling; there is a Crisis of Morale; too often patients' needs do not come first.
The Minister knows, because it has been put repeatedly by my hon. Friends, that there are enormous problems for the work force and that there is, in particular, a Crisis of Morale.
It is clear from the earlier exchanges between the Front Bench spokesmen that the Crisis of Morale created in the NHS by the policies of the present Government is not helped by the spurious and often unobtainable promises made by the official Opposition.
There is a Crisis of Morale in the teaching profession, and the Secretary of State would do well to address himself to it.
We also have a Crisis of Morale.
There is a Morale Crisis among teachers and very great worry among parents, who are upset by the shortage of textbooks, equipment and teachers.
No wonder that there is a Crisis of Morale in the mining industry.
Unquestionably, the prime responsibility lies with the Government's policies of deregulation and continual cuts in the health and safety inspectorate, which is now overstretched and understaffed and is suffering a Major Morale Crisis.
I indict the Government as the main architect of the Crisis in Morale.
Is he really prepared to do nothing when what should have been an historic improvement in the nursing structure degenerates into a major Crisis of Morale in the wards and disruption in the hospitals?
I am deeply disturbed that there is still a real Crisis of Morale in that great national institution.
Does the Minister accept that such an assault will further damage the credibility of the SDA, which is already shaken by Government policy, and in which there is a Real Morale Crisis because of the present membership of the Government Front Bench?
That is good stuff, but is the Minister aware that I have received correspondence from the head teachers of many primary and junior schools in my constituency which expresses deep anxiety about the staffing problems and consequent Crisis in Morale?
Rather than try to express their frustration in my words, it would be best to quote some of the letters, because they speak powerfully about this Crisis of Morale.
Does the Minister appreciate the extent of the Crisis of Morale among speech therapists working in the National Health Service?
We know that our school system is experiencing perhaps the most severe Crisis in Morale for more than 10 years, and we wonder what land the Secretary of State visits, surrounded by his press officers and photographers, which so insulates him from reality that he tries to sell us his vision of a new Wales where everyone is prosperous, where everyone has a job, where everyone can get medical treatment and where the school system is such that even if one had enough money to send one's child to a private school one would be proud to send him or her to a state school.
It is a Crisis of Morale when people at the top of the profession are asking to leave in droves.
Does he accept that, whatever some teachers might tell him, those who observe and are interested in British education recognise that the Crisis of Morale is worse now than at any time since the war and that the proposals of the Government, who have turned the educator into the bookkeeper, will not restore the morale of the profession?
It is not surprising that there is a Crisis of Morale in the teaching profession.
I have drawn attention to the Crisis of Morale among those who deliver education to our children.
We are creating something of a nightmare for the 29,000 lay magistrates and there is a Crisis of Morale.
Did the Secretary of State notice that, during the poorly reported Army debate last week, Conservative Back Bencher after Conservative Back Bencher spoke about the Crisis of Morale among our service men and service women and their concern about the arbitrary withdrawal of units?
Therefore, it is not surprising that there is a Morale Crisis in the civil service.
There is serious evidence of a Crisis of Morale among social workers.
The Crisis of Morale will remain, despite the statement, and we will have to return to some of those issues, as a matter of urgency, in the new year.
Does the Minister acknowledge that in the Territorial Army, there is a considerable Crisis of Morale, not least because of reports suggesting that its numbers may be reduced to as few as 40,000?
There is a Crisis in Morale in British agriculture, which was given something of a fillip by the suggestion that the Minister would be able to make a positive statement today rather than announcing a six-month delay.
At present, there is a Crisis in Morale in almost all professions in the health service.
So why is it that we face a teaching force approaching a Crisis in Morale, with severe shortages in teacher supply, difficulty in recruitment to senior posts and teachers leaving the profession in ever greater numbers each year?
Does he also acknowledge that there is a serious Crisis of Morale in the police force in London, and that, according to the Police Federation, the pay and the conditions of employment lead many police officers to resort to working part-time as, for example, pizza delivery men and nurses?
My Lords, I agree with the noble and gallant Lord that there has been a Crisis of Morale in the Defence Medical Services following on Options for Change.
We have a Crisis of Morale in the profession and the modus operandi of Ofsted plays a very big role in that.
That would mean a downgrading of the Princess Royal hospital, with all the attendant problems of skills lost, a Serious Morale Crisis and declining services.
Does he at least recognise that there is a Morale Crisis in the police, or is he so out of touch that he will not admit that?
We are talking about a very real impact on patient care and that is why the current Crisis in Morale is so worrying.
The first port of call for most people is their GP, who, according to the BMA, is facing a Crisis of Morale.
To return to the order, as hon. Members have said, there is a Crisis of Morale among the membership of the Royal Ulster Constabulary.
She will find that there is a Crisis in Morale.
They will not let their Crisis in Morale be buried, and neither will Conservative Members.
In Westminster Hall, we talked about information coming from around the country about the Morale Crisis in too many schools.
Much of the Crisis of Morale in the profession stems from the large amount of reporting back that teachers have to undertake.
Not only does one lose the experience, which is half the secret of motivating pupils and delivering education, but the Government's actions and the raising of false expectations have led to a serious Crisis in Morale, which is exacerbating the problem of the teacher demographic time bomb.
My Lords, does the Minister agree that the fall in special constables in England and Wales, quoted by the noble Lord, Lord Bradshaw, reflects a serious Crisis in Morale among special constables?
If the Minister wants to examine the Crisis in Morale, he has only to look at the 100 staff whose salaries are being cut by the trust from £7 an hour to £5 an hour.
Not surprisingly, the two people whom I am with are suffering a huge Crisis of Morale and of self-examination.
I certainly did not intend to give the impression that there is a Crisis in Morale.
The centre was described by a Minister six and a half years ago as a key element in the regeneration of Defence Medical Services, which another Minister openly admitted were suffering a Crisis of Morale.
The centre was described by a Minister six and a half years ago as a key element in the regeneration of defence medical services, which another Minister openly admitted were suffering a Crisis of Morale.
I am concerned, because there is a Crisis in Morale in our forces.
However, as my noble friend Lord King pointed out, there is a real Crisis of Morale among our troops.
Does he share my view that the nature of the cuts that have been made over the past decade and the very poorly handled merger with Customs and Excise have been most to blame for the Crisis of Morale at HMRC and the decline in its reputation?
The sector continues to suffer a Crisis in Morale and there is a worrying lack of experienced social workers staying in the system, with many quoting burnout as a key reason for the high turnover.
Half of all police forces do not have a permanent chief constable and the officers left in the middle are facing a Crisis of Morale, with 95% saying that they believe that the Government and this Home Secretary do not support them.
It is a great pleasure to follow so many excellent maiden speeches, especially those by Government Members who are former teachers and who called on the Secretary of State to tackle the Crisis of Morale, recruitment and retention among teachers, which they have obviously experienced.
Given the Crisis in Morale in the NHS, have the Government estimated how many junior doctors might leave the NHS if they continue to impose this new contract on them?
The Secretary of State talks about the Crisis in Morale in the NHS among junior doctors.
There is increasing evidence of growing concerns among the public about the visibility of their police service on the one hand and, on the other, a Crisis of Morale in the police service, whose members serve this country so well.